|CHURCHES AND CHAPELS OF MALTA AND GOZO|
|Towns and Villages|
|In the 'Churches and Chapels' introduction I mentioned jurisdictions and how I will treat this project according to the Present Ecclesiastical setup. For simplicity's sake, in this chapter, I am treating towns with more than one parish as single entities under the names of the towns themselves. In each town or village I will also start with the earliest established Parish Church at the top. Regarding Valletta and Victoria Gozo I place the Cathedral or Co-Cathedral on top. Next I will follow with the rest in alphabetical order irrespective of being Parish churches or not, leaving other denominations than Catholic for last. There are some Chapels which I will appear to have left out. These will be found in other sections especially 'Cemeteries' if they have a sizeable cemetery attached.
Apart from the modern present day names of towns and villages, I will sometimes mention, in passing, names of old villages that have been long absorbed by other towns. This I will do just to preserve the history or traditional name of the particular chapel or church. Studies about place names of old have been done by University professors like Godfrey Wettinger and some are also published online. There is also an early 15th century list of villages producing soldiers for the Maltese Militia; this list is part of our historical heritage at the Mdina Cathedral Museum. Though not integral to my subject, documents such as this were a help in locating some of the outlying chapels.
Archdioceses: Territory administered by an Archbishop. (Archdioceses: called as such due to size, historical significance or both)
Basilica: Originally a Roman Royal Palace. In our case it denotes the importance of the particular church building usually given certain ceremonial privileges by the Pope.
Benefices: Properties given as a gift by the Pope to Bishops or Priests or even to Cathedrals in the past, for services rendered. During the Council of Trent, these were curtailed.
Cathedral: An important religious building for worship that is the seat of the Bishop or Archbishop of the Dioceses or Archdioceses.
Chapel: Smaller place of Christian worship other than church, parish church or cathedral, especially one attached to a private house or institution. This could be free standing as an urban or wayside building and also as part of a larger church or cathedral. If it is the latter, unless it is a very important one with a history of its own, I will not list in this project.
Church: Building for public Christian worship.
Co-Cathedral: There were special circumstances in Malta when the new City of Valletta was built. With a Cathedral seat of the Bishop existing in the old city of Mdina, benefices could not be transferred to a new Cathedral and so St.John's in Valletta served and still does, as the Liturgical centre together with St.Paul's in Mdina.
Collegiate: A church served and administered by a college of canons, similar to a cathedral, although not the seat of a bishop.
Dioceses: Territory administered by a Bishop. (Archdioceses by an Archbishop)
Matrice: From Latin 'Mater' meaning Mother. Refers to a church from whose jurisdiction sprang other churches.
Oratory: Small chapel for private or semi-public worship. Usually constructed by or for special groups within the parish.
Parish: Subdivision of a Dioceses or Archdioceses having its own church and clergy with a Pastor or Parish Priest in charge. (Archpriest is a Parish priest of higher rank in charge of an Archipresbeterial church or of a Basilica).
Pastoral Centre: Building used for teaching catechism and for meetings by religious groups, many times also serving as a Church until a proper one is built, most probably becoming a Parish Church soon after.
Perpetual Adoration: Nowadays many old chapels are being used for the Perpetual (continuous) Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament where the Sacred Bread is exposed in a Monstrance and people take turns to do silent worship. These chapels and new ones opened for the purpose, are open to the faithful on different schedules.
Sanctuary: I will use this word in two meanings: 1. The Holiest area of a church where the main liturgy is usually celebrated. 2. A church built on a holy spot, usually a place of pilgrimage.